Background Documents

Apart from the final report the PQN project yielded some useful source documents, such as the Country Reports that the delegates of participating countries compiled, a detailed COST Short Term Scientific Mission report on pedestrian conditions in the physical environment, a sources study to provide documentation for the substantiation of the PQN policy process and the results of a survey on data availability in European countries.

If you use one of these documents in an article, book or report, please refer to it as an article from the PQN Final Report as advised on the Final Report webpage.

COST 358 Pedestrians' Quality Needs MoU |

COST Office / Rob Methorst

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This file contains the original Memorandum of Understanding and its Technical Annex. This MoU marked the start of the COST 358 PQN project and includes the original project description. In practise the project decription was not followed to the letter, however. The documents shows what elements were included for promoting countries to join the Action.

Country Reports - 01. Overview |

David Zaidel and Shalom Hakkert

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There are 18 Country Reports available, based on a basic questionnaire. Although the reports deal with the same items, the level of detail and perspectives taken differ from country to country. There are Country Reports available for 18 countries: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Country Reports - 02. Pedestrian research evolution |

David Zaidel & Shalom Hakkert

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Overview of the nature of pedestrian research in PQN countries: Policies, issues, research, concerns, interests

Country Reports - 03. Summary table of publications |

Shalom Hakkert & David Zaidel

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Summary table of publications: issues mentioned in the Country Reports publications lists.

Country Reports - 04. Austria |

Karin Ausserer & Gudrun Haindl

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Country Reports - 05. Belgium |

Thérèse Steenberghen & Marjolein de Jong

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Country Reports - 06. Czech Republic |

Karel Schmeidler

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Country Reports - 07. Estonia |

Dago Antov, Tiia Roivas & Hans Orru

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Country Reports - 08. Finland |

Kimmo Lapuntie & Lars Leden

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Country Reports - 09. France |

Catia Rennesson

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Country Reports - 10. Germany |

Iris Mühlenbruch & Jürgen Gerlach

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Country Reports - 11. Greece |

Socrates Basbas and Panos Papaioannou

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Country Reports - 12. Israel |

Shalom Hakkert, David Zaidel & Galit Yerushalmi

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Country Reports - 13. Italy |

Lucia Martincigh, Chiara Tonelli & Zuzana Simonova

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Country Reports - 14. the Netherlands |

Rob Methorst, Maartje de Goede, Tineke Hof and Chatal Groeneweg

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Country Reports - 15. Norway |

Aslak Fyhri

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Country Reports - 16. Portugal |

Mário Alves & Manuel Ramos

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Country Reports - 17. Serbia |

Dragana Bazik & Milena Vukmirovic

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Country Reports - 18. Spain |

Fermina Sanchez, Enrique Cabello & Hector Monterde-i-Bort

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Country Reports - 19. Switzerland |

Daniel Sauter, Melanie Kunz, Dominique von der Mühll & Sonia Lavadinho

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Country Reports - 20. United Kingdom |

Miles Tight

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History of pedestrian policies and research |

Nicole Muhlrad

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As background information for the PQN researchers group Nicole Muhlrad wrote an article about the history of pedestrian safety policies in Western Europe. In this context, she reviews the main steps taken since the 60s to improve pedestrian mobility and safety in urban areas. It will be seen that the measures taken have primarily addressed speed reduction and repossession of space for pedestrians, which has meant opposing the social and economic pressures to give full priority to individual transport by car, freedom of driving, and allocation of greater and greater road space to motorised traffic.

Information about the PQN groups |

Rob Methorst

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** text not yet available; will be posted later on **

Literature review of individual, percieved physical and social environmental factors related to walking |

Tineke Hof

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The report summarises scientific research concerning individual and perceived physical and social environmental factors related to walking.

Measuring Wallking - Towards internationally standardised monitoring methods of walking and public space |

Daniel Sauter & Martin Wedderburn

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For many years walking had not been seriously considered as means of transport and, conse-quently, not been measured. In recent years we have seen, however, new methods and tools to assess walking have been developed all over the world. Data is gathered, surveys, counts and audits are performed. In parallel, new technologies and equipment is being placed on the market. This is a big step forward. However, debates show one common problem: the incompatibility of data and methods.

Process information |

Rob Methorst

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** text not yet available; will be posted later on ***

Sources study: Overview of insights in literature |

Evelien Sombekke and Herman Katteler

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For the support of the documentation and substantiation of the policy development steps, as identified in the PQN conceptual framework, the ITS-Radboud University carried out a sources study. The external research was made possible by additional funding by Rijkswaterstaat, the national road authority in the Netherlands. Evelien Sombekke and Herman Katteler performed the study.

STSM Report Dell'Asin |

Giulia Dell'Asin

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In 2008 Giulia Dell'Asin carried out a so called Short Scientific Mission in Rotterdam at AVV Transport Research Centre and delivered a voluminous report based on the available Country Reports, international databases and an internet search. The PQN national delegates were involved to validate the reported insights. Main items in the report are: Country Comparison, 20 Pedestrian-friendly cities in the PQN countries, Additional literature: "Pedestrian children".

Survey - data availability in European countries |

Daniel Sauter

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In the early stages of the PQN-project a survey was carried out with the objective to explore what type of data were available in each country and how they were collected. Participants were asked to provide information on all levels - national, regional, municipal and project-related - as far as this was possible. 10 countries took part in the survey and provided results: Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain and Switzerland. The results are given as an overview in a separate file which acts as an annex to report B4 on Measuring Walking. The survey was coordinated by Daniel Sauter with the help of Melanie Kunz and the financial support by the Swiss Federal Roads Office and Swiss State Secretariat for Education and Research.

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